Using Waterproof LED grow light in Indoor Plant cultivation
It would seem that everyone knows that light is needed for good plant growth, for a large harvest. Due to light, photosynthesis and other processes take place, in which I am not very strong. However, not many people know that plants need not only a LOT of light, but also a certain light!
A huge number of grow lights, grow lights, etc. are produced in the world. light sources, which are designed for faster and stronger plant growth. But be that as it may, the most common and most popular are LED strips for plants. This is due to the fact that the light emanating from this source is equally directional, the LEDs are evenly distributed along the entire length of the tape and the plant receives exactly the amount of light that it needs. What can not be said about narrowly focused grow lights. They give light distribution only in a certain area. In order to fully cover the entire plant, more than one lamp is needed. And this is additional costs, additional energy, additional unforeseen circumstances.
For those who do not want to delve into the nuances of choosing Waterproof LED grow light for plants, they can immediately choose and buy a tape for every taste and wallet. Who is interested in the more entertaining part – read on.
It is clear that LED strips are far from new and not a wonder. I have already covered such issues as: the choice of LED strips , the choice of transformers for them, etc. Therefore, in this article I will not dwell on them. Whoever needs it can read it on their own on the website. Or use a calculator to select a power supply for LED strips .
I would like to dwell on the technical characteristics of these tapes. Rather, on what kind of light should be in LED strips for plants to get the most effect from their use.
Spectrum of LEDs for plants
In order to understand the necessary spectra for various plants, it is necessary to understand into which parts of the lighting the sunlight is divided. The unit of measurement for any part is nanometers. Each part of the world has its own length:
- 380 nm and below – ultraviolet part;
- 380-430 nm – violet;
- 430-490 nm – blue;
- 490-570 nm – green;
- 570-600 nm – yellow;
- 600-780 nm – red;
- 780 nm and above – infrared.
Depending on the position of the sun, the spectrum component also changes. If the sun is at its zenith, then ultraviolet light increases and infrared light falls. Thus, at the zenith, light from violet to yellow will prevail. At sunrise, on the contrary, green and infrared prevail. It is also worth considering the fact that the spectrum will be influenced not only by the location of the sun, but also by various factors – cloudiness, dust characteristics, magnetic storms, etc. Those. it is clear that the sun, despite the fact that it is a measure of illumination, does not always “give” us what we want to get. Hence, the desire of a person to receive artificial light is understandable, which will be as close as possible to the sun and will not depend on various factors.
In general, grow lights or other light sources for plants are a rather difficult and interesting topic. It is hardly possible to cover all the issues and nuances in one article. But in my case, this is not necessary. My goal was to figure out which Waterproof LED grow light for plants are most preferable, how many LEDs for plants should be used and which ones. How to place them. In general, these are fundamental questions that you need to know one way or another if you decide to use Waterproof LED grow light for plants in your household.
Let’s go a little deeper into crop production. In particular, what processes are affected by different radiation.
- Ultraviolet radiation in a way negatively affects the entire growth of the plant. The leaves turn yellow, the stems curl, begin to hurt. But this can only be observed if we use pure ultraviolet light. In nature, this spectrum is retained by the ozone layer and practically does not reach plants. This applies to radiation with a wavelength of 280 nm and below.
- Long ultraviolet rays from 315 nm to 380 nm give plants not growth, but allow them to gain massive stems. Plants gain vitamins well. Radiation at 315 nm makes plants easily tolerate small frosts. This is especially necessary if the plants are late and should bear fruit or bloom in the fall. When it is not very cold yet, but the summer solstice is leaving at a rapid speed.
- Purple and blue rays are ideal for photosynthesis. The plant absorbs more light and grows intensively. Buds, tubers, etc. are well tied.
- Green light, contrary to popular belief, has no effect on the “greenness” of a plant. Such a spectrum passes by the leaves. Photosynthesis is minimal. Due to the green spectrum, the plant stretches and gains growth.
- The red spectrum is the basis for photosynthesis. Using this spectrum allows plants to grow with lightning speed. And this can be easily noticed if you experiment with sunlight and artificial light with a predominance of the red-orange spectrum.
In principle, we can get all this if we grow crops in the open field or in a greenhouse. But due to various factors, the plants will not develop quickly and painlessly.
It was for the artificial and rapid growth of plants that grow lights were invented. I have already said about them that it is worth using them only if the plant is still small. The most rational ones need to include lamps that will give us diffused light throughout the plant. But then again, this all costs money. And not small. LED plant strips can be considered a good alternative. They can be positioned vertically along the entire length of the plant and over a wide area. The cost in comparison with conventional lamps is not large and everyone can afford them.
I’ll make a reservation right away that LED strip for plants is not a panacea. And I would use them only in the initial stage of plant development. As you develop, you still have to switch to lamps and lamps, which must be selected individually. There is no general solution for phyto lighting. For each culture, you need to select its own color. It’s hard. And no one will simply give you this information. But if you can select and experimentally calculate the required spectrum, you are guaranteed to get a fast and large harvest.
Full Spectrum Plant LED Strip Light
For lamps, lamps and tapes for plants, not ordinary LEDs are used, but phyto-LEDs, which have an almost complete spectrum, which allows them to be used in crop production.
The most common and suitable (to a greater extent) are LED strips for plants of the full spectrum – full spectrum. They use red and blue LEDs. The quantity per meter is varied. It is necessary to look at the technical characteristics. Tapes are produced with a combination of 10 to 3, 15: 5 and 5: 1. The best tapes are those with 5 blue LEDs to 1 red. A 5: 1 ratio is worth using if your plants are on a windowsill and have sufficient access to sunlight.
Full Spectrum Plant LED Strip Light is a universal light source and will suit all plants. As in reality – I do not know. Have not tried it. Only dill grows on my windowsill. And there is enough light from the tape. bushes are small, but fluffy. Which is what I needed).
Benefits of using LED strip light for plants
- Negligible energy consumption. This is especially evident when comparing the consumption of HPS lamps and LED
- LED strips for plants practically do not heat up, which cannot be said about other light sources
- LED strips have a narrow spectrum, “sawn down” specifically for plants, and not general lighting
- With the correct installation, the tapes can “grow” plants up to 3 years. There are manufacturers who promise 5-6 years of work. Yes. They will work for so many years. They can last even longer. But still, degradation will make itself felt. I wouldn’t use ribbons for more than 2-3 years. So that the illumination is always high.
- High luminous efficiency
- Energy efficiency and environmental friendliness
I get mail requests all the time for links to tapes and lighting that work best for plants. In order to no longer engage in unnecessary correspondence – I will provide two proven companies with LED lighting for plants.