‘Unique traces’ of first farmers excavated in Gelderland | NOW



Archaeological research in Angeren, Gelderland, has not only excavated the remains of hunters and gatherers, but also of the first farmers. These “unique traces” were found during preparations for the extension of the A15 from the Ressen junction to the A12, Rijkswaterstaat reports Friday.

“It is rare that remains of both forms of cohabitation are found in one place,” Rijkswaterstaat writes. “The excavation provides new, special insights into how people settled in one place and became farmers.”

The agency points out that little is known about the period when hunters and gatherers transitioned from a nomadic existence to a life in a permanent place of agriculture and livestock. The find in Angeren, a village in the municipality of Lingewaard, allows archaeologists to investigate further.

The found objects are about seven thousand years old. These include flints, rubbing stones to grind grain and seeds and pieces of earthenware from pots and pans. The remains have been excavated at a place where a tributary of the Rhine once could be found.

The first residents lived on the banks, says René Isarin, archaeologist at Rijkswaterstaat. “They benefited from two landscapes: a high and dry area with a stock of nuts, fruit, seeds, roots and possibilities for fields, and a wet area with fresh water, fish and other aquatic animals. And let’s not forget: possibilities for transport. “

Rijkswaterstaat is conducting preparatory investigations in Angeren, among others, because of the planned extension of the A15 and the widening of the A12 and A15. Two years ago, a Roman burial ground was found just southwest of Angeren, in the town of Bemmel.

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