The CO2 emission reductions in the European Union (EU) since 1990 have mainly been caused by a decrease in emissions from Europeans with a lower or average income, Oxfam Novib said in an analysis on Tuesday. The CO2 emissions of the richest 10 percent of European citizens have actually increased over the past thirty years.
The analysis is based on research by the development organization and Stockholm Environment Institute, into the consumption emissions of various income groups in the EU between 1990 and 2015. During this period, CO2 emissions for consumption in the EU decreased by 12 percent and economic inequality increased. to.
According to the analysis, the richest 10 percent of EU citizens were responsible for more than a quarter (27 percent) of all CO2 emissions in the EU. That is the same as the total emissions of the poorest half of the EU population. 40 percent of middle-income Europeans were responsible for almost half of the emissions and the richest 1 percent for 7 percent.
The CO2 emissions of the poorer half of European citizens fell by almost a quarter (24 percent) and those of citizens with a ‘middle income’ by 13 percent. The CO2 emissions of the richest 10 percent of Europeans actually increased by 3 percent. The emissions of the richest 1 percent even increased by 5 percent.
Also great inequality within and between member states
The analysis also shows significant inequality within and between EU member states. The most prosperous 10 percent of people in Germany, Italy, France and Spain (about 25.8 million people) are jointly responsible for the same amount of CO2 emissions as the total population of sixteen EU Member States (about 84, 8 million people).
The Oxfam analysis states that the new EU climate target for ten years from now is unachievable if inequality does not end. “To ensure that the world does not warm by more than 1.5 degrees (the maximum sustainable increase), the carbon footprint of the richest 10 percent of Europeans must be ten times smaller by 2030 than it is today. That of the richest 1 percent must even be thirty times less than now “, according to the development organization.
This target will be discussed by EU leaders at the Environment Summit later this week.